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About Rajasthan

The history of India dates back almost five thousand years, and Rajasthan plays a crucial and unique role, especially with regard to the development of Indian culture. Its impressive story reaches through a heroic past. Its extravagant splashes of bright hues against the desert landscape and the purity of its dry and sandy reaches, the miniature elegance of its small villages and impeccably maintained forts brings alive the story of the yore. The appearance of its grand forts perched on rocky hills still tell the story of the bravery of its men and the stoic sacrifice of its women, and the chivalrous old world manners of all.

The history of India dates back almost five thousand years, and Rajasthan plays a crucial and unique role, especially with regard to the development of Indian culture. Its impressive story reaches through a heroic past. Its extravagant splashes of bright hues against the desert landscape and the purity of its dry and sandy reaches, the miniature elegance of its small villages and impeccably maintained forts brings alive the story of the yore. The appearance of its grand forts perched on rocky hills still tell the story of the bravery of its men and the stoic sacrifice of its women, and the chivalrous old world manners of all. The Rajputs rose to prominence in the 9th and 10th centuries, and were a major force to reckon with medieval India. Passionately attached to their land, family and honour, the Rajputs treated war as a sport, and followed a strong chivalric code of conduct. Myths and legends of their velour, gallantry, sacrifice and courage are legion. There are many heroes among the Rajputs, such as Prithviraj Chauhan, who fought successfully against the invader Muhammad Ghori in the battle of Tarain (1191), although he died on the same battlefield in the following year or the great Rana Pratap of Mewar, who defiantly withstood the might of the Mughal, and continued to raid on them even after his defeat. He died in 1597, and his son, Ambar Singh, took over the mantle of opposition to Mughal rule. Rana Pratap was the lone exception, as most of the leading Rajput clans finally married into Mughal royalty and nobility, and went into direct State service of the Mughal Empire. This was chiefly at the behest of the wise and farsighted Mughal emperor, Akbar, who was able to consolidate and expand his empire because of his close ties with the proud Rajputs, the men who made formidable enemies and also steadfast and loyal friends. At the time of independence on 15th august 1947, Rajasthan was known Rajputana (country of Rajputs). It comprised of 18 Princely States, two chieftains and a British administered province of Ajmer-Merwara besides a few pockets and territories outside its main boundaries.
 
It took seven stages to form Rajasthan as defined today. In March 1948 the Matsya Union comprising of Alwar, Bharatpur, Dholpur and Karauli was formed. Also in March '48 Banswara, Bundi, Dungarpur, Jhalawar, Kishangarh, Kota, Pratapgarh, Shahpura and Tonk joined the Indian union and formed a part of Rajasthan. In April '48 Udaipur joined the state and the Maharana of Udaipur was made Rajpramukh. Therefore in 1948 the merger of south and southeastern states was almost complete. Still retaining their independence from India were Jaipur and the desert kingdoms of Bikaner, Jodhpur and Jaisalmer. From a security point of view, it was vital to the new Indian Union to ensure that the desert kingdoms were integrated into the new nation. The princes finally agreed to sign the Instrument of Accession, and the kingdoms of Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and

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Jaipur were merged in March 1949. This time the Maharaja of Jaipur, Man Singh II was made the Rajpramukh of the state and Jaipur became its capital. Later in 1949, the United State of Matsya, comprising the former kingdoms of Bharatpur, Alwar, Karauli and Dholpur, was incorporated into Rajasthan. On January 26th 1950, 18 states of united Rajasthan merged with Sirohi to join the state leaving Abu and Dilwara to remain a part of Greater Bombay and now Gujarat. In November 1956 under the State Re-organization Act, 1956 the erstwhile part 'C' State of Ajmer, Abu Road Taluka, former part of princely State Sirohi (which were merged in former Bombay), State and Sunel Tappa region of the former Madhya Bharat merged with Rajasthan and Sirohi sub district of Jhalawar was transferred to Madhya Pradesh. Thus giving the existing boundary Rajasthan. Today with further reorganisation of the states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. Rajasthan has become the largest state of the Indian Republic.
 
The princes of the former kingdoms were constitutionally granted handsome remuneration in the form of privy purses and privileges to assist them in the discharge of their financial obligations. In1970, Indira Gandhi, who was then the Prime Minister of India, commenced under-takings to discontinue the privy purses, which were abolished in 1971. Many of the former princes still continue to use the title of Maharaja but the title has little else power other than status symbol. Many of the Maharajas still hold their palaces and have converted them into profitable hotel while some have made good in politics. The democratically elected Government runs the state with a Chief Minister as its executive head and the Governor as the head of the state.

Climate

The climate of Rajasthan can be divided into four seasons: Summers, Monsoon, Post-Monsoon and winter.
A summer, which extends from April to June, is the hottest season, with temperatures ranging from 32 degree C to 45 degree C. In western Rajasthan the temp may rise to 48 degree C, particularly in May and June. At this time, Rajasthan's only hill station, Mt Abu registers the lowest temperatures. In the desert regions, the temperature drops at night. Prevailing winds are from the west and sometimes carry dust storms (we call them aandhi).

The second season Monsoon extends from July to September, temp drops, but humidity increases, even when there is slight drop in the temp (35 degree C to 40 degree C). 90% of rains occur during this period.

The Post-monsoon period is from October to November. The average maximum temperature is 33 degree C to 38 degree C, and the minimum is between 18 degree C and 20 degree C.

The fourth season is Winter or the cold season, from December to March. There is a marked variation in maximum and minimum temperatures and regional variations across the state. January is the coolest month of the year. And temp may drop to 0 degree C in some cities of Rajasthan, like Churu. There is slight precipitation in the north and northeastern region of the state, and light winds, predominantly from the north and northeast. At this time, relative humidity ranges from 50% to 60% in the morning, and 25% to 35% in the afternoon.

Month   Temp      Rainfall:
January to March 50F - 80F   10 degree C - 27 degree C 4MM - 7MM
April to June 75F - 105F 24 degree C - 45 degree C 11MM - 30MM
July to September 70F - 95F   21 degree C - 35 degree C 100MM - 165MM
October to December 55F - 85F   13 degree C - 30 degree C 3MM - 8MM



The Land and Topography: The State has an area of 343,000 sq km. / The capital city is Jaipur.

These are average temp and rainfall of Rajasthan, and may vary for each city. The temperature is in degrees Fahrenheit.

Amazing legends of heroism and romance still resound from its equally amazing architecture, which still stands to narrate its tale of a bygone era. The magic of Rajasthan is unequalled in the world for its heritage, culture, safaris, sand dunes and lush green forests with its wildlife. Rajasthan is often expressed as huge open-air museum with relic so well preserved for the travelers and the curious of the day. It is action-packed with outdoors too; take a safari on horses, camels, elephants or even jeeps with the Aravalis - India's oldest mountain range in the backdrop, or caress your eyes on the sloppy sand dunes, or trail a tiger or just watch birds on wetland. Or you can choose to pamper yourself in the lavish heritage properties. Rajasthan has something for everyone, just choose your activity.

The Aravali Range runs across the state from southwest Guru Peak (Mount Abu), which is 1,722 m in height to Khetri in the northeast. This divides the state into 60% in the North West of the lines and 40% in the southeast. The northwest tract is sandy and unproductive with little water but improves gradually from desert land in the far west and northwest to comparatively fertile and habitable land towards the east. The area includes the Great Indian (Thar) Desert. The south-eastern area, higher in elevation (100 to 350 m above sea level) and more fertile, has a much diversified topography. In the south lies the hilly tract of Mewar. In the southeast a large area of the districts of Kota and Bundi forms a tableland, and to the northeast of these districts is a rugged region (badlands) following the line of the Chambal River. Further north the country levels out; the flat plains of the northeastern Bharatpur district are part of the alluvial basin of the Yamuna River.

The Aravali outlines Rajasthan's most important division. The Chambal River, which is the only large and perennial river in the State, originates from its drainage to the east of this range and flows northeast. Its principal tributary, the Banas, rises in the Aravali near Kumbhalgarh and collects all the drainage of the Mewar plateau. Further north, the Banganga, after rising near Jaipur, flows east-wards before disappearing. The Luni is the only significant river west of the Aravali. It rises in the Pushkar valley of Ajmer and flows 320 km west-southwest into the Rann of Kachchh. Northeast of the Luni basin, in the Shekhawati tract, is an area of internal drainage characterized by salt lakes, the largest of which is Sambhar Salt Lake. In the vast sandy north-western plain extending over the districts of Jaisalmer, Barmer, Jalor, Sirohi, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Ganganagar, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Pali, and Nagaur, soils are predominantly saline or alkaline. Water is scarce but is found at a depth of 30 to 61 m. The soil and sand are calcareous (chalky). Nitrates in the soil increase its fertility, and, as has been shown in the area of the Indira Gandhi (formerly Rajasthan) Canal, cultivation is often possible where adequate water supplies are made availableThe soils in the Ajmer district in central Rajasthan are sandy; clay content varies between 3 and 9 per cent. In the Jaipur and Alwar districts in the east, soils vary from sandy loam to loamy sand. In the Kota, Bundi, and Jhalawar tract, they are in general black and deep and are well drained. In Udaipur, Chittaurgarh, Dungarpur, Banswara, and Bhilwara districts, eastern areas have mixed red and black and western areas red to yellow soils.

Rajasthan is a northwesterly state of India. It is bound on the west and North West by Pakistan, on the north and northeast by the States of Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh, on the east and southeast by the States of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, and on the southwest by the State of Gujarat.
The Tropic of Cancer passes through its southern tip in the Banswara district.

Language:

As the state of Rajasthan was found by merging the princely states, it has many dialects. The four main dialects are Marwari (in western Rajasthan), Jaipuri or Dhundhari (in the east and southeast), Malvi (Malwi; in the southeast), and, in Alwar, Mewati is spoken, which shades off into Braj Bhasa in Bharatpur district. The main language written and spoken is Hindi. English is also commonly understood, except at the grass root levels. However, tourist guides and translators are also available in French, Spanish, German and Japanese.

Rajasthan is a vibrant state where tradition and history blend with contemporary life styles. People are proud of their heritage and yet open to change western values. Modern Rajasthan is bringing in amenities like elsewhere in the world. It has remarkable roads and transport systems. Its roads are trafficked by some of latest cars and buses, rickshaws, camel carts and horse drawn Tongas as well as improvised tempos. The markets are lined with a shopping extravaganza with some of its store being very posh. Rajasthan offers wide ranging accommodations to some of the most elite and luxurious 5 star deluxe hotels in the world. Most of these five-starred deluxe hotels are properties converted from former palaces and forts and they offer a superlative and fulsome life style for experience. Each hotel has a restaurant and some even have a bar. Normally a Tourists Reception Centre is also located on the same premises and is handy for any information. International food chains like Mc Donald, Pizza Hut, Dominos etc exist along with international beverages like Coco Cola, Pepsi or Nescafe.

Rajasthan is the largest state in the Republic of India and has vibrant trade and industry. It is rich in mineral resources and a recent exploration also found large deposits of oil. Modern Rajasthan has some of best banking service and is well serviced by ATM honoring all international credit and debit cards.

Rajasthan Culture:

Rajasthan is famous for its unique culture reflected in its exuberant celebrations and fair and festivals. A tour on palace on Wheels will take you to the vibrant state of Rajasthan, where you can explore the colorful bazaars, the myriad topography of the Thar Desert, the native people, and colorful fairs and festivals of Rajasthan. The state of Rajasthan offers its special festivities interspersed throughout the year, celebrating each season, each legend, each deity. Almost every festival has its own flavor with a meaningful identity; there are animal fairs, religious fairs, and fairs to mark the changing seasons.

The barren desert land of Rajasthan glitters with the colors of joyous celebration and gay abandon with every fair and festival of Rajasthan. The fairs of Rajasthan are invariably a reflection of the genius of their arts and crafts and their ascetic refinement. The main attractions for many tourists are its bazaars, auctions, music and sport events. The native women dressed in colorful clothes create an atmosphere of merriment. Every festival in Rajasthan has its own specialty; the occasion is marked with mouth-watering dishes, dance, and music. The fairs and festivals of Rajasthan are popular amongst the tourists as it provides opportunity to gain an insight into the life of the people of Rajasthan.

Rajasthan has all the usual Hindu and Muslim festivals, some celebrated with special local fervor as well as a number of festivals of its own. The exact dates, determined by the lunar calendar have specific religious significance. Other than the traditional fairs, recently established festivals that involve elephants, camel races, dance, and music have been specially organized for tourists.

Among the better-known fairs and festivals of Rajasthan are:


Pushkar Fair, Pushkar (November): The well known and marked with largest participation of all the festivals of Rajasthan, Pushkar is an important pilgrimage as well as the venue of mammoth cattle fair. Bazaars, auctions, music, and sports are highlight of this event.

Desert Festival, Jaisalmer (Jan-Feb.): One of the most popular among the festivals of Rajasthan, the Jaisalmer Desert festival is a journey into the heart of the Rajasthan desert, the golden city of Jaisalmer. A true show on the sands, which attracts even the much-traveled visitor. Folk performers like musicians, ballad singers, snake charmers, and puppeteers all exhibit their traditional skills. There are exciting camel dances, camel acrobatics, camel races, and camel polo, competitions for the best decorated camel, tug-of-war between musclemen, a turban tying competition and a Mr. Desert contest. The culmination is a sound and light spectacle on a moonlit night amidst sand dunes.

Elephant Festival, Jaipur (March-April): A festival to celebrate Holi, this is a great occasion for the visitor to watch several elephant sports and also play this festival of colors. A show is organized with the elephants turning out in their best finery.

Gangaur Festival (March-April): A festival devoted to Goddess Parvati, the consort of Lord Shiva. It is time for young girls to dress up in their finery and pray for grooms of their choice while the married women pray for the well being of their husbands. This 18-day festival is laced with various activities and culminates in a grand procession marking the arrival of Shiva to escort his bride home.

Marwar Festival, Jodhpur (October): A festival devoted mainly to the music and dance of the Marwar region. This is a festival that allows the visitor to understand and enjoy the folk traditions of this part of the state. Organized by the Department of Tourism, Government of Rajasthan, the Marwar Festival was originally known as the Maand Festival. Maand is a classical style of folk music centered on the romantic life style of Rajasthan's rulers, and Maand Raag recreates the old world charm and graceful dances of the desert. A must for those interested in folk music during their holidays in Rajasthan.

Camel Festival, Bikaner (January): An enchanting desert city, which comes alive with music and dance during the famed Camel Festival of Bikaner. It is fast gaining popularity as the visitor finds an opportunity to see some unusual folk performances, camel, race camel dance etc.

Teej Festival, Jaipur (July-August): A festival to mark the advent of monsoon. Processions, women dressed in bright colours and a lot of merriment prevail during Teej. Essentially a women's festival, it is interesting to watch them enjoying in groups and at various bazaars where they turn up to shop in all their finery.

Nagaur Fair, Nagaur (Jan-Feb.): Essentially an animal fair, it provides an opportunity to participate in some of the local sports. Situated half way between Bikaner and Jodhpur, Nagaur awakens with the thronging of cattle, horses and camels accompanied by their colorfully turbaned owners. There is earnest bargaining between owners and buyers, and plenty of fun and festivity. Games, tug-of-war contests, camel races, and strains of ballads create a joyful atmosphere with the setting sun in the background.

Baneshwar Fair, Baneshwar (Jan-Feb.): A religious festival with simple and traditional rituals. This fair is the centre of attraction of a large number of tribals from the neighboring states of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat who join their brethren from Rajasthan in offering prayers to Lord Shiva.

Mewar Festival, Udaipur (March-April): A festival to welcome the spring season. There is song, dance, processions, devotional music, and fireworks where almost everybody participates. Not to be missed during your Rajasthan tour and travel.

Urs Ajmer Sharif, Ajmer (According to Lunar Calendar): Held in the memory of the revered Sufi Saint Khawaja Moinuddin Chisti, it is an occasion for thousands of believers to congregate at the shrine and offer their prayers. All of Ajmer seems to take on a festive air and several programmes are organized to mark the festival.

Summer Festival, Mount Abu (June): Organized in the only hill station of Rajasthan, this is the coldest place at this time of the year. Folk dances and a general atmosphere of gaiety prevail in this tiny hill resort and the tourist has ample time to relax and enjoy himself.

Tourist destinations of Rajasthan, India reveal the most bewitching sights that leave you spellbound, you marvel at the intricate carvings and the artistic patterns that are an expression of the artistic skill of the Rajasthan craftsmen. The Hindustan Travel offers tour packages that are tailored to suit your travel tour needs. You could choose from an option of numerous tour packages that take you on tours to the forts and palaces in Jaipur, the sand dunes in Jaisalmer, pilgrimage sites in Ajmer and Pushkar the havelis of the Shekhawati region.

Tourist Destinations of Rajasthan as follows:       
                                                                             

Destination to Ajmer Destination to Chittorgarh Destination to Jodhpur
Destination to Udaipur Destination to Alwar   Destination to Jaipur
Destination to Pushkar Destination to Bikaner  Destination to Jaisalmer
Destination to Shekhawati  Destination to Mount Abu Destination to Ranthambhor National Park
    Destination to Sariska National Park

Destination to Ajmer, Rajasthan:

Ajmer in Rajasthan, India is world famous for the Ajmer-e-Sharief shrine. The Hindustan Travel takes you on destination to Ajmer that was established sometime in the 7th century. This ancient city is a fertile and green tract in the midst of barren hills and desert and offers excellent tour opportunities for those interested in exploring the wonders of nature. The culture and traditions followed by the locals in Ajmer in Rajasthan, India is an enchanting amalgamation of Hindu and Muslim culture that has evolved over the ages and is a part and parcel of the vibrant culture of this ancient state that was an important center of Chauhan power in the ancient times and later became an integral part of the Sultanate and finally came under the Mughal rulers. Over the years these rulers left their impact on the architecture, culture and traditions of Ajmer in Rajasthan, India.

A destination to Ajmer in Rajasthan, India takes you to one of the most holy spots of the Muslims, the Ajmer-e-Sharief, or the dargah of the Muslim saint Moinuddin Chishti. This Mausoleum is rated as second only to Mecca, which is the most important Muslim pilgrimage for the Muslims all over the world.

Urs at Ajmer Sharif, Ajmer: The Hindustan Travel makes all arrangements & reservations to the grandly religious celebration of Urs in Ajmer Sharif, Ajmer, located in Rajasthan, North India. A travel tour to Ajmer located in Rajasthan, in North India, is a good opportunity to experience the religious fervor and charm of Urs, which is celebrated in Ajmer sharif, located in Ajmer, Rajasthan, North India. The Hindustan Travel would be a fruitful one as it is a rich resource of travel related information about Urs in Ajmer, Rajasthan, North India, and so is a guided travel tour to Ajmer, located in Rajasthan, North India.

As a travel tour to Ajmer Sharif, located in Ajmer, Rajasthan, North India, showcases, Urs is a reference to the six day prayer time which was taken by Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti, in the year 1265 A.D, before bidding adieu for the heavens above. As a travel tour to Ajmer sharif, located in Ajmer, Rajasthan, North India, shows to us, it is the month of August every year which sweeps the town of Ajmer, with colors and festoons as people, belonging to all faiths and religions congregate at this holy shrine of the Muslims located in Ajmer, Rajasthan, North India. Urs is one celebration, which is a proud testament to the spirit of communal bonhomie and peaceful co existence, which are in great demand in today's troubled times.

Destination to Chittorgarh, Rajasthan:

Chittorgarh, the land of the martial Rajput fighters, beckons you to come and visit its forts and palaces that are a legacy of the splendid royal past of Rajasthan, India. During your tours to Chittorgarh in Rajasthan, India you get a golden opportunity to see for yourself the land of the gallant, courageous and passionate romantics. Chittorgarh forms the subject of popular local ballads sung by the bards of Rajasthan, India that speak of the famous wars, romantic and royal intrigues.

Destination to Chittorgarh in Rajasthan, India must definitely include tours to the Chittorgarh Fort that has a very tumultuous history. This fort was attacked on a number of occasions; the goriest war took place when the Sultan of Gujarat attacked Chittorgarh that is when thousands of Rajput women committed 'Johar' i.e. 'mass-scale suicide'. Destination to Chittorgarh in Rajasthan, India unveils to you the land of the brave who would rather face death with dignity than suffer disgrace at the hands of their enemies. In the year 1568 the Mughal ruler Akbar attacked the Chittorgarh Fort and destroyed it to a great extent. During your Chittorgarh tours you are welcome to stay at any of the hotels located in the main Chittorgarh Township that is spread all over the plains below the hill, which is crowned by the Chittorgarh Fort.

Destination to Jodhpur, Rajasthan:

Jodhpur in Rajasthan, India is popularly known as the blue city and is one of the most prominent travel destinations located in Rajasthan, India. Fortified Jodhpur was established in the year 1459 A.D. by a local Rajput chieftain Rao Jodha. The term Jodhpur is synonymous with stories of love, war and intrigue, the majestic Mehrangarh Fort, the awe inspiring Jaswant Thada, romantic gold sands that were silent spectators to many a love story that took birth and dissolved in these sandy stretches and constitute the theme of many a folk song.

Destination to Jodhpur with the travel guide takes you to almost every historical site and place of tourist interest located in each and every corner of Jodhpur in Rajasthan, India. The entire Jodhpur city may be divided into four clear sections, the Ratanada, Shastri Nagar, Sadarpur and the new city. You are free to choose from amongst the wide variety of tour packages that take you to the part of the Jodhpur city in Rajasthan, India that you would prefer to visit.

Destination to Udaipur, Rajasthan:

Udaipur is synonymous with the phrase 'the city of lakes'. Udaipur is one of the very popular tourist destinations in Rajasthan, India. The mere mention of Udaipur in Rajasthan, India evokes a feeling of romantic thrill and brings to mind the popular lores of love, royal life, sacrifices, wars and more. There are a number of architectural wonders that ornament Udaipur that is considered to be one of the most romantic destinations in Rajasthan, India. Udaipur is a honeymooner's paradise with its azure lakes that form a clear contrast with the essential dry and desert environs. During your tours to Udaipur, you can go on tours to the places of tour interest such as the City Palace, Lake Palace, Saheliyon Ki Bari, Jagdish Temple, Fateh Sagar Lake, Maharana Pratap Memorial, Gulab Niwas Garden and the Government Museum.

Each of these tour destinations located in different parts of Udaipur offers you a special visual treat, for example while you go on the Lake Palace, that is incidentally a heritage hotel now, you will discover that this erstwhile place located right at the center of the Lake Pichola in Udaipur in Rajasthan, India gives the impression of a huge white lotus afloat. Saheliyon Ki Bari is another unique tourist spot with artistically carved marble fountains that water tiny picturesque water pools located throughout this artificially created garden that was especially constructed for the ladies of the royal household.

Destination to Alwar, Rajasthan:

Alwar in Rajasthan, India is a green valley that lies at the center of barren hills and is a welcome respite in the barren environs of this part of Rajasthan. The fact that Alwar has a long history that is very easily traceable to the prehistoric times makes Alwar the oldest city of Rajasthan and adds to its romantic charm. You also visit the important places of tourist interest that you must visit are the Alwar Fort, Vinay Vilas Palace, Tomb of Fateh Jung and the Moosi Maharani Chattri. Each of the above-mentioned historical sites have a special significance of their own and every monument has been witness to some event in history that has had some role in shaping the history of Alwar in Rajasthan. Though Alwar as it exists today was established in the 11th century by Maharaja Alghuraj.

Destination to Jaipur, Rajasthan:

Come and visit the pink city and feast your eyes on the eternal and unbroken views of this perfectly planned city. The nine divisions of the pink city as Jaipur in Rajasthan, India is commonly referred to as are said to be a reflection of the fact that the Universe has nine divisions.

During your tours of Jaipur in Rajasthan, you can avail of tour packages to the celebrated Amber Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Jantar Mantar and the Hawa Mahal. Besides these tourist places Jaipur in Rajasthan offers you a complete heritage tour package to tourist sites such as the Chandra Mahal and the Ram Niwas Gardens, heritage hotels such as the Samode Haveli, Ramgarh Lodge, Narain Niwas Palace and the Hotel Bissau Palace. The importance of these heritage hotels lie in the fact that they were actually forts and palaces that were built and inhabited by the royalty of Jaipur in Rajasthan. The special experience of staying at these royal palaces adds a dash of regal adventure to your Jaipur tours to Rajasthan, India. While on your pink city tours you can actually devour the picture perfect visual panorama that is created during the twilight hours with the setting sun casting its red-gold glow over the buildings that are uniformly painted in pink. The most exciting Jaipur tours that you are bound to enjoy are the trek on elephant-back up to the Amber Fort located on top of a hill that overlooks a pretty lake. A trip to the Chandra Mahal located in Jaipur in Rajasthan, India can be especially educative with respect to Rajputana architecture.

Your accommodations are to the heritage hotels of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India reveals the royal lifestyle dripping in luxury and comfort that reflects the living style of the erstwhile Rajput rulers of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India. These heritage palaces were converted into hotels after India became independent.

Destination to Pushkar, Rajasthan:

The Hindustan Travel offers you tours to the places of tourist interest located in Pushkar in Rajasthan, India. Destination to Pushkar tours with The Hindustan Travel takes you to this tiny and peaceful, sleepy desert town that spring to life every year during the Pushkar fair that happens to be the largest camel fair in the world. Pushkar in Rajasthan, India is synonymous with Lord Brahma, the sacred lakes and the annual camel fair.

As a common legend goes Pushkar in Rajasthan, India came into existence under the patronage of the Hindu deity Lord Brahma. The three sacred lakes located in Pushkar in Rajasthan, India are said to have sprung up when Lord Brahma accidentally dropped three lotus petals on the Pushkar sands. Travel to Pushkar in Rajasthan, India takes you to a somniferous world where people go about their village chores at a leisurely pace, herds of sheep, goats, cattle and camels greet you and offer you a picture perfect village world.

Destination to Bikaner, Rajasthan:

Destination to Bikaner in Rajasthan, India will take you into a world of orange-gold sands that reflect the golden glow of the sun with camel caravans moving at a slow pace across the desert sands. Bikaner has a lot to offer in terms of places of tourist interest, snack foods, sweetmeats and a lot more. During your travel to Bikaner in Rajasthan, India you get a golden opportunity to be an integral part of the color and lively atmosphere of Bikaner in Rajasthan, India. The perfect way to feel the traditional Bikaner romance is to go on camel safari tours that unravels a world full of old world charm that is much the same as it was in the yesteryears.

Travel to Bikaner in Rajasthan, you takes a traditional world of mythical beliefs, ancient traditions and at the same time a region that has developed in terms of infrastructure, as an illustration one may note that Bikaner in Rajasthan, was the first Indian state to be completely electrified during the post independence period.

Destination to Jaisalmer, Rajasthan:

Come and visit the desert land of Jaisalmer, shrouded in enigma with the tours of Jaisalmer in Rajasthan, India. Jaisalmer in Rajasthan, India is synonymous with vast expanses of golden sands dotted with yellow sandstone monuments that blend in perfectly with the picturesque environs. You can visit here in Jaisalmer the places of tourist interest such as the Jaisalmer Fort, Patwon Ki Haveli, Salim Singh Ki Haveli, Bara Bagh, Desert National Park, Lodurva Jain Temple and the Gadsisar Sagar Tank.

The very mention of Jaisalmer in Rajasthan, India evokes images of camel caravans moving at a leisurely pace, their shadows tracing the boundaries of the gold sands in the reddish glow of the setting sun. You must ensure that you choose a tour package that takes you on desert safaris or camel safaris across the Jaisalmer sands in Rajasthan. It is definitely not an experience that you would want to miss; in fact a trip to Jaisalmer in Rajasthan, is incomplete without a camel safari.

Destination to Shekhawati, Rajasthan:

The Hindustan Travel offers a travel to Shekhawati, located in Rajasthan, North India, would too point out in the direction of the richness and artistic beauty of the Shekhawati region, is a rich and clear reflection of the artistic worth and the breathtakingly charming murals painted on the walls, ceiling and the back portions of gates, in the now empty havelis of Shekhawati, located in Rajasthan, North India. you also find here an insight into the charm and artistic finesse of the small cities of the order of Jhunjhunu, Mandwa, Nawalgarh, Bissau, Churu, and Dundlod. A luxury travel tour to Shekhawati, located in Rajasthan, North India, would portray the wall paintings in the large mansion sized havelies which normally have giant wooden entrances studded with iron nails.

The mansion owners used to beautify their havelis in order to outmatch each other in pageantry and pomp. The Seths of the order of Dalmias, Khetans, Birlas, Goenkas, Piramals, Singhanias, are the big and popular names who have their havelis in the Shekhawati region, which can also be referred to by the sobriquet of the open-air art gallery of Rajasthan, North India.

A unique destination for Adventure and eco tourism :

The Raj period approached it as a relaxation place to rewind along with the royalties and semi royalties. The place sways in an interesting contrast of British style bungalows, the holiday lodges of the royals (Thikhana) along with the presence of the various communities of the tribals located amidst the thick lush of the forest on the hills surrounding the region.

The flora and fauna enjoys the adulation of the tourist to the fullest. Among the flourishing ranges is the highest point of the Aravalli is the 'Gurushikhar' with a vast sanctuary that shelters a number of species like langur, wild boars, Sambar, leopards and many more along with a number of flowering trees thus enhancing the whole scenario. This glorious ambience suited mainly to the likes of sages and tribals and both made a great impact in the history of the region. The tribes still conducting there authentic life styles in the wake of 21st century are rather interesting and so is the collection of various monuments of different religious sects like the famous shrines of Jainism.
The Dilwara temple is famous for architectural genius. The intricate carving on the marble stone is simply mesmerizing leaving the senses spell bound with its neat structuring. A cluster of Hindu temples also marks the land with their historical past. The Brahmkumari Ashram is another world famous religious community center.

Dilwara Temples [3 krns] :

Mount Abu was an important Vaishnava and Shaivite pilgrim center up to the 11th century. Today, it is recognized the world over for it's magnificent Jain temples. No visit to Abu can be complete without a trip to the famed Dilwara temples. These temples are the greatest draw of Abu, apart from its salubrious clime. Half hidden by mango groves their sober exterior belies the wealth of their interior ornamentation. Wondrously carved in marble, the Dilwara temples enshrine various Jain tirthankaras, saints. Built between the 11th and 13th century, are famous for their superb carvings in marble. Vimal Vasahi is the oldest temple, was built by Vimal Shah, Minister of Solanki ruler of Gujarat in 1031 A.D. It is dedicated to Adinath, the first of the Jain tirthankaras. Constructed out of white marble from Arasoori Hill, near Ambaji, 23 km from Abu Road, It is an outstanding example of Jain temple architecture. The central shrine has an image of Rishabhdev and large courtyard with 52 small shrines, each housing a beautiful statue of thirthankaras with 48 elegantly carved pillars from the entrance to the courtyard. The Vasahi Temple, dedicated to me 22nd tirthankara. - Neminath was built in 1231 A .D by two brothers - Vastupal and Tejpal, Minister of Raja Virdhavala, a ruler of Gujrat belonging to the Porwal Jain community. The door casings, friezes, architraves, pillars, the sculptures of porticos, are astonishing in their workmanship.

Rewards in the from of silver and gold equivalent to the weight of marble covered, were offered to the laborer. A great deal of inspiration, devotion, love and encouragement was involved in the construction of this temple.

The most striking feature of this Jain temple built in the Solanki style of architecture is the marble pendant in the dome of the porch. It drops from the ceiling like an enchanting cluster of half-open lotuses with cups so finely carved that they appear to be transparent.

Sunset Point

It provides a lovely view of the setting sun, South-West of Nakki lake, where the sun gradually drowns itself in the azure sky between two mountain peaks, steps lead up to high terrace which offers an awe inspiring view of the setting sun.

Achalgarh (08 km)

Medieval monument of Mt Abu, is the Achalgadh fort commissioned by Rana Kumbha, who was responsible for dozens of gigantic fortresses in southern Rajasthan, with massive battlemented walls and a situation on a mountain peak offering great views. A steeply winding path leads up to the 15th century fortress and the temples within the fortified walls, great for a view of the countryside.

The carved Jain temples are a 10 minute climb, worthwhile for the view and the sculpture. Below the path is the Achleshwar temple, with a Nandi said to be made of the five metals-gold, silver, copper, brass and zinc, called Panchadattu, and weigh more than 4 tons. The temple is believed to have been built in the 9th century around a toe print of lord Shiva, with a hole claimed to reach the netherworld, a natural Shivalinga and idols of a crystal like stone, which looks opaque, but when a candle is placed behind it sparkles like crystal. Nearby is the pleasant looking Mandakini Lake, enclosed by rocky hills, with images of a Rajput king and buffaloes. According to legend, the tank was filled with ghee and the watering hole of demons disguised as buffaloes until they were shot by Raja Adi Pal.

Gurushikhar(15 km) :

The highest peak on the mount (1722 mts above the sea level) allows a bird eye view of the sylvan surroundings of Mount Abu. A small shrine and a temple of Dattatreya standing on the shikhar are worth a visit.

Gaumukh Temple (Vashistha Ashram):

My sages and sheers had their retreats on Mt. Abu, the most famous being sage Vashistha. To regenerate the human race, he performed a yagya or magic fire from which were born the agnikula clans of Chauhan, Solankis, Pannars and Pratihars. A natural spring that flows that through a sculpted cow's head, gives the shrine its name. Nearby is the marble image of Nandi who was rescued by the mighty serpent 'Arbuda'. Carved out of a rock, the hill temple of Arbuda lies against a picturesque back drop. It is accessible by car or jeep up to 3 km, from where a descent of 750 steps has to be covered on foot.
Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary

The sanctuary comprises the oldest mountain ranges

The Aravali. It was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1960. Apart from having several sightseeing places this sanctuary is a draw for nature lovers as it has great potential for Eco-tourism, in shape this sanctuary is long and narrow but the top spreads out into a picturesque plateau which is about 19 km. is length and 5-8 km. in breadth. Attitudinally it varies from 300m. at the foot Mil to 1722 m. at Gurushikhar, the highest peak of the Aravali Ranges. The rocks are igneous and due the weathering effect of wind and water, large cavities are common the rocks. This feature is typical of Aravali and particularly of Mt, Abu. Toad Rock in Mount Abu is one such example.

Mount Abu has a very rich floral biodiversity starting with xenomorphic subtropical thorn forest at the foot hills to subtropical evergreen forest along water courses and valleys at higher altitudes. These forests consist of 112 plant families with 449 genera and 820 species. Of these, 663 species are dicots while 157 species are monocots. Mount Abu is the only place in Rajasthan where one can observe a variety of orchids. The place is also rich in bryophytes and algae. Three species of wild roses and 16 species of feras some of which are quite rare have also been reported from here. The South-West part of the Sanctuary is rich in bamboo forests.

The sanctuary is rich in herbal medicinal plants also. About 81 species of tree, 89 species of shrubs, 28 species of climbers and 17 species of tuberous plants of medicinal importance have been identified.

A variety of fauna including highly rare, threatened and endangered species are found in this sanctuary. The past history of Mount Abu indicates the presence of Lion (last recorded in 1872) and Tiger (last reported in 1970). Presently the Panther is the apex predator. Other animals found here are Sambhar, Jungle Cat, Small Indian Civet, Wolf, Hyaena, Jackal, Indian Fox, Common Langoor, Wild Boar, Pangolin, Rate!, Common Mongoose, Indian Hare, Porcupine, Hedgehog, etc. The sanctuary provides an ideal habitat for Sloth Bear; the population of Sloth Bear is increasing regularly as it can be seen while going through the forests or motoring on the road.

Nakki Lake [1 km] :

The lake is picturesquely set amidst hills and is believed to have been carved out by the Gods with their nails. It is popular spot for boating and the only artificial lake in India that is 1200 mts. above sea level. The surrounding hills have several area of interest.

Toad Rock:

Overhanging the Nakki Lake, so called because of its likeness to gigantic toad about to leap into the water

RANTHAMBHOR NATIONAL PARK
CLIMATE
Summer Max      : 37.0 degree C Min. 23.0 Degree C
Winter Max          : 29.0 degree C Min. 9.1 Degree C
AREA DETAILS
Total area            : 392.5 sq. kms. – Ranthambhor National Park (core) 274.50 sq. kms. / Buffer area to R.N.P. 118.00 sq. kms.
ACCESS
Airport                  :  Nearest Airport Jaipur 180 km. Several flights from Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of India.

Ranthambhor National Park, before a princely game conserve is the scene where the celebrated Indian Tiger is best seen. Ranthambhor Tiger Reserve lies on the junction of Aravali and Vindhyas just 14 Kms from Sawai Madhopur in Eastern Rajasthan. It sprawls over a varying and undulating landscape. The scenery changes dramatically from gentle and steep slopes of the Vindhyas and sharp and conical hills of the Aravali. A tenth century fort also blends amicably with the background. Pure sands of Dhok (Anogeissus pendula) interspersed with grasslands at the plateaus, meadows in valleys and luxuriant foliage around the canals make the jungle. Three big lakes – Padam Talab (meaning Lake), Malik Talab and Raj Bagh – are similar turquoises studded in the vast forest that abounds with aquatic vegetation including duckweeds, lilies and lotus.

A significant geological feature within the park is the 'Great Boundary Fault' where the Vindhaya plateau meets the Aravali range. The Rivers Chambal in the South and the Banas in the North bound the National Park. The park is dotted with steep rocky hills and the dominating architecture of Ranthambhor Fort (built in the 10th century), adds to its landscape. The rugged park terrain alternates between dry deciduous forest, open grassy meadow, dotted by several lakes and rivers that are only made passable by rough roads built and maintained by the Forest Service.

The tiger is not the only attraction at Ranthambhor; although it is the one park resident that people come to see. A variety of birds including Owlets, the ubiquitous Langur (monkey), Leopard, Caracal, Hyena, Jackal, Jungle Cat, marsh Crocodiles, Wild Boar, Bears and various species of Deer are the other attractions.

Ranthambhor is plagued by the typical problems encountered by all game reserves in India - people living in and around the parks and grazing by livestock! Between 1976-1979, 12 villages within Ranthambhor National Park were resettled outside the designated park area with only a few people now residing in scattered hamlets within the park. Of course poachers continue their activities with increasing demand from China for Tiger parts. There are no accurate figures on how many tigers and poachers kill other species, but on occasion evidence appears in the form of large numbers of skins and other body parts found on couriers.

The park is well staffed and the folk who man the centres and the mandatory guides - one for every vehicle, are knowledgeable of the terrain and some even know the Latin names of most species.

The tiger is not the only attraction at Ranthambhor; although it is the one park resident people come to see. We were lucky to see several varieties of birds including these owlets peering through their burrow pictured here on the right and of course the ubiquitous langur monkey. Other animals in the reserve include leopard, caracal, hyena, jackal, jungle cat, marsh crocodiles, wild boar, bears and various species of deer.

The main food source for the tiger is the swamp deer like Barasinsga  and on occasion the wild buffalo and also wild boar etc. If you wish to stay near the park, the facilities on offer are superb. The park gates open a half hour before sunrise and close half hour after sunset. The timings are vigorously imposed and no exceptions are made to this rule.

Tiger Moments:

Tiger Burning Bright in rare and relaxed moments exhibits it lovable beauty. It is in these moments that the sheer beauty and power of this animal comes out so mesmerizing. It is an experience that no one should fail to spot. If your grand mother has told you that cat the maternal aunt of the tiger did not teach a tiger to climb trees so he can’t climb trees then she was probably not wholly right. A commendable photographs shows that tigers can scale trees like other cats but only upto 16 months of age of after which they too heavy to do so. These pictures depict the world around the tiger and are expected to arouse passion for the tiger. The tiger is waging a lonely battle for survival – you must stand for restoring the eco-balance.

Save Tiger:

Like oil lamps flickering in the wind, the world's tiger population is unhurriedly being snuffed out. Several books and literature have been produced to describe the most intriguing, the most powerful and the most majestic of all animals. The Hindu tradition and culture have a place of honor and worship for tiger. In India people had added Singh, Sher and Nahar on their names to upgrade their class. Yet people have been incredibly scant to the cause of the tiger. This web site aims in graphics, pictures and prose to advance the level of wakefulness and concern for this mythical and secretive striped beauty that placidly roams the jungles.

There is enormous pressure on the habitat of the tigers, the Ranthambhore Foundations hopes to strike an ecological balance and complete harmony between man and the beast.

SARISKA NATIONAL PARK
CLIMATE
Summer Max      : 41.0 degree C Min. 28.0 Degree C
Winter Max          : 23.0 degree C Min. 8.0 Degree C
Rainfall                 :  57.77 cms
Humidity              : 70 percent
AREA DETAILS
Total Area            : 866sq.km. – Sariska (core) area 498sq.km.
ACCESS Airport  :  Nearest Airport: Jaipur 180 km. Several flights from Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of India.

This park is situated only 200 km from Delhi and 107 kms from Jaipur. Although larger than Ranthambor, it is less commercialised and has less tigers but a similar topography. It covers an area of 800 sq km in total, with a core area of approximately 500 sq km. The Northern Aravali Hills dominate the skyline with their mixture of sharp cliffs and long narrow valleys. The area was declared a sanctuary in 1955 and became a National Park in 1979.

The landscape of Sariska comprises of hills and narrow valleys of the Aravali hill range. The topography of Sariska supports scrub-thorn arid forests, dry deciduous forests, rocks and grasses. The broad range of wildlife here is a wonderful example of ecological adoption and tolerance, for the climate here is variable as well as erratic.

The park is home to numerous carnivores including Leopard, Wild Dog, Jungle Cat, Civets Hyena, Jackal, and Tiger. These feed on species such as Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Chausingha, Wild Boar and Langur. Sariska is also well known for its large population of Rhesus Monkeys, which are found around Talvriksh.
The avian world is also well represented with Peafowl, Grey Partridge, Bush Quail, Sand Grouse, Tree Pie, Golden backed Woodpecker, crested Serpent Eagle and The Great Indian horned Owl.
The park is open almost whole year-round, but for wildlife viewing and your comfort it is best to visit from October to April. Safaris are provided by jeep.

 

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